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Borra Caves near Araku valley | History | Best Time to Visit

Borra Caves

The Borra Caves, also called Borra Guhalu are situated on the East Coast of India, in the Ananthagiri slopes of the Araku Valley of the Visakhapatnam region in Andhra Pradesh.


The hill range height varies from 800 to 1,300 m [2,600 to 4,300 ft.].

Borra implies “opening” in Odia dialect and Guhalu implies “a natural underground chamber” in Telugu dialect.

The Borra Caves, are one of the biggest in the nation, at a height of around 705 m (2,313 ft.), particularly shows an assortment of speleothems(a structure formed in a cave by the deposition of minerals from water) going in measure and sporadically formed stalactites and stalagmites.


The holes are fundamentally karstic limestone structures reaching out to a depth of 80 m (260 ft.) and are viewed as the deepest caves in India.

The Borra Caves were discovered in 1807, by William King George of the Geological Survey of India.

Entry Fee

Adult Rupees 40/-
Child Rupees 30/-
Cameras allowed at a fee of Rupees 25/- and
Video and Digital cameras at a fee of Rupees 100/-

Timings: 10 AM to 5.00 PM ( 1.00 to 2.00 lunch break)



You won’t find any accommodation close to Borra caves, the nearest place is Tyda Jungle bells which is 15Km, Anantagiri hill resort(10km) of AP Tourism.


There are large number of hotels available at Araku which is 36Km.

Plan to Borra caves at the end of the trip, if you are in Aaruku.

History Of Borra Caves

How Borra caves formed?

When Gosthani river flows through a limestone area the calcium carbonate turns into calcium bicarbonate, which is easily washed out by the running water.


This results in the formation of the limestone caves in the region.

Water percolating from the roof of the caves dissolves limestone and trickle drop by drop to form stalactites(a tapering structure hanging like an icicle from the roof of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water) at the roof of the cave and then dripping down to the ground form stalagmites(a mound or tapering column rising from the floor of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water and often uniting with a stalactite).

You can see one of the oldest limestone content in the walls.


You can see outstanding nature’s creation into the cave made on the limestones through water percolating which made different types of oddly shaped structures.

The caves resemble the different objects shapes with our imagination.

What do you find in Borra caves?

According to tourists, these deposits have developed into interesting forms and structures inside the caves such as Shiva–Parvati, Mother-Child, Rishi’s beard, human brain, mushrooms, crocodile, temple, church, etc.

It has less natural light visibility and has the depths beyond which less than 1% of sunlight penetrates.


Artificial lights are necessary to view the rock formation in these caves.

Do you know the height of the Borra caves?

The height of the cave is 12 m (39 ft.) and the length is about 200 m (660 ft.).

This cave has sixty-three lamps of mercury, sodium vapor, and halogen, which make the interior of the caves colorful and spectacular.

The lamps are installed and maintained by the state tourism department.

Do Borra caves resemble the Lord Shiva?

The caves are also a revered Hindu pilgrimage spot due to the presence of several stone lingams(Shiva), the representation of Lord Shiva.


There is a tribal legend which tells the story of a cow which fell into the hole but remained unharmed because it was protected by the Lingam.

Which temple did you find in the Borra caves?

Cowherds saw this and build a temple for Lord Shiva.

There is also another legend which says that the Shiva Lingam representing the Hindu God Lord Shiva is found deep in the caves and above it, there is a stone formation of a cow.

It is considered that the udder of this cow is the source of the Gosthani River which originates from here, flows through Vizianagram and Visakhapatnam districts before reaching into the Bay of Bengal near Bheemunipatnam.

The landscape around the cave is wild and mountainous. The geology is complex and varied, and the limestone where the cave is located is surrounded by mica.

Several mines in this mica have prospected for precious stones like rubies. The stalactites and stalagmites formation in the cave looks astounding. It is a unique experience to explore the caves.

What do you find yourself in borra caves?

The location of the cave is also breathtaking. The lush greenery, the hilly terrain, the water channels etc. give a wonderful experience.

You can also get to know about the ancient history of this place since these caves are in existence from millions of years ago. A walk around the caves provides views of the mountainous area which is rich in flora and fauna.

Must visit place, when you visit Aaruku valley

You can experience the pinch of wild at Borra caves while exploring on the way of Arakku valley. Mesmerizing view inside the cave will capture your heart.

It is amazing to watch in real life, the way water is rolling down the stones and forming a sedimentary stone.

Which is the best time to visit borra caves?

The average annual temperature of Araku hills, where the caves are situated, is about 25 °C.

One can visit this place in rainy and winter season (August to January) as the weather will be pleasant. Don’t miss Bamboo Chicken at the entrance of caves which tastes amazingly good.

How to reach borra caves?

You can reach Borra Caves by road or by train, railway station is well near to the caves and you can walk from the nearby station is Boraghualu which is only 1 km walk.

Train facility is also available to go here and special thing is that the train passes above the Borra caves.

The special train services operate on the Kothavalasa-Kirandul railway line in East Coast Railway, Indian Railways.

The train passes through Eastern Ghats hill section, which has 30 tunnels en route. The journey itself will give you a mystical experience which you can never forget.

The Borra caves are 448 km from Bhubaneswar in Odisha and 656 km from Hyderabad, both via National Highway 5.

Which is the nearest city to Borra caves?

The Borra caves are well connected by road, rail and air services. The nearest international airport is Visakhapatnam Airport, 76 km from Borra Caves, which is 12 km from the Visakhapatnam city center.

Vishakhapatnam is 90 km away by road. It is largely a hill road and the journey takes nearly three hours. The thick vegetation sprawling the mountainous area gives a wonderful sight.

Who maintains Borra caves?

These caves are maintained and operated by Andhra Pradesh Tourism department (APTDC).

Andhra Pradesh State Tourism Department also organizes Arraku and Borra rail-cum-road package tour for visitors keen to see the Borra Caves.

You can also visit

  • Araku Valley
  • Tyada Railway Tunnel,
  • Damuku View Point,
  • Ananthagiri Coffee Plantation,
  • Padmapuram Gardens

It is one of the most satisfying places to visit for the nature lovers.

If you are physically strong and have enormous energy and want to explore the hilly terrain, Borra Caves is the right place for you to enjoy fully the astonishing creation of nature.

It is the perfect place for you to appreciate completely the bewildering formation of caves. It’s a must watch spot if you are interested in geography and nature.

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